This course of would possibly involve a questionnaire to all staff. Based on this analysis, an accurate job description and job specifications could be written. A job description lists the components of the job, while job specs listing the requirements to perform the job. The focus of task-based analyses is the job duties required, whereas the primary focus of competency-based analyses is on how an individual can apply their skills to perform the job. One isn’t higher than the opposite however is simply used for various functions and various kinds of jobs. For example, a task-based analysis could be used for a receptionist, whereas a competency-based analysis might be used for a vp of sales place.