The purpose of a job analysis is to ensure creation of the proper fit between the job and the employee and to determine how employee performance might be assessed. According to research by Hackman and Oldham (Hackman & Oldham, 1976), a job diagnostic survey ought to be used to diagnose job traits previous to any redesign of a job. This is mentioned in Chapter 7 “Retention and Motivation”. When hiring for positions that involve moral and safety considerations it’s typically the individual staff who make decisions which might result in devastating penalties to the whole firm. Likewise, government positions are often tasked with making difficult decisions when firm emergencies happen such as public relation nightmares, pure disasters, pandemics, or a slowing economic system. Businesses that have made headlines for undesirable cultures may have a difficult time recruiting new hires.